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Posted Monday, August 15, 2011
US releases CIA documents on Bay of Pigs invasion
MIAMI (AP) - Newly declassified U.S. documents show a CIA operative accidentally
fired on friendly pilots during the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.
The B-26 bombers flown by the Cuban exiles were disguised to look like Cuban
military planes, but the ruse worked too well, the documents indicated. It was
not clear, though, if anyone was hurt.
The documents also show U.S. officials authorized limited use of napalm on
military targets and to protect the invasion's beachhead area.
Earlier this month, the U.S. made public all but one of five top secret volumes
covering the CIA's official history of the failed attack on Fidel Castro's
fledgling government. The move came in response to a lawsuit filed in April by
the independent, Washington-based National Security Archive. The nonprofit
research group has sought for years to declassify all five volumes on the
The Archive posted more of the documents on its website Monday.
In them, CIA operative Grayston Lynch, who was in charge of guns aboard one of
the landing craft that remained off the Cuban coast during the invasion,
recalled warning the exile pilots to "to stay away from us, because we couldn't
tell them from the Castro planes."
He said the B-26 bombers failed to heed his warning.
"We ended up shooting at two or three of them," he said, explaining, "our planes
were a little nosey, and they wanted to take a look at the action."
In the report, two U.S. pilots described dropping bombs and napalm on Cuban
troops that "left the convoy badly messed up."
Initially, officials hesitated to use napalm because it "'would cause concern
and public outcry,'" the documents indicated. But by the second day of fighting,
that notion "had gone by the board in favor of anything that might reverse the
situation in Cuba in favor of the (exile) Brigade forces."
The invasion by CIA-trained Cuban exiles was a pivotal moment in U.S.-Cuba
relations and has become something of a "what not to do" case study in U.S.
"We are one step closer to having a complete record in the worst debacle of U.S.
clandestine operations," said Peter Kornbluh, who heads the Archive's Cuba
project. He vowed to continue pressing the government to release the fifth
About 1,300 exiles landed in Cuba on April 17, 1961. Two days earlier, the exile
pilots had helped destroy portions of Cuba's small air force, but Castro had
enough planes remaining to take out their supply ships. Nearly 300 Cuban and
exile fighters were killed in the invasion. A few captured exiles were executed
and others were held prisoner for years. Most of the more than 1,200 captured
exiles were released by Castro a year later in an exchange brokered by the
___ On the web: National Security Archive:
Copyright 2011 The Associated Press
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